Chemical defense in the cave-dwelling millipede Brachydesmus troglobius Daday, 1889 (Diplopoda, Polydesmidae)
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AuthorsMakarov, Slobodan E.
Vujisić, Ljubodrag V.
Curcic, Bozidar P. M.
Ilic, Bojan S.
Vučković, Ivan M.
Mitić, Bojan M.
Article (Published version)
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Makarov S. E., Vujisic L.V., Curcic B.P.M., Ilic B.S., Tesevic V.V., Vajs V.E., Vuckovic I.M., Mitic B. M., Lucic L.R. and Dordevic I.Z. 2012. Chemical defense in the cave-dwelling millipede Brachydesmus troglobius Daday, 1889 (Diplopoda, Polydesmidae). International Journal of Speleology, 41(1), 95-100. Tampa, FL (USA). ISSN 0392-6672. http://dx.doi.org/10.5038/1827-806X.41.1.10 The troglomorphic millipede Brachydesmus troglobius Daday, 1889 (Polydesmida: Polydesmidae) secretes allomones from glands on both lateral surfaces of its body segments. The secretion was identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis with electron and chemical ionization, and was shown to be composed of a mixture of benzaldehyde, benzyl alcohol, benzoylnitrile, benzoic acid and mandelonitrile benzoate. Hydrogen cyanide was qualitatively identified by the picric acid test. This is the first identification of these compounds in a cave-dwelling polydesmid.
Keywords:Diplopoda / Brachydesmus / troglobitic / chemical defense / HCN
Source:International Journal of Speleology, 2012, 41, 1, 95-100
- Societa Speleologica Italiana, Bologna