Comparative analysis of phenolic profiles of ovipositional fluid of Rhinusa pilosa (Mecinini, Curculionidae) and its host plant Linaria vulgaris (Plantaginaceae)
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Gašić, Uroš M.
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Rhinusa pilosa (Gyllenhal) is a highly specific weevil that induces stem galls on the common toadflax Linaria vulgaris Mill. females oviposit the eggs near the apex of a growing shoot. The act of oviposition is accompanied by secretion of an ovipositional fluid, which is considered to be cecidogen, directly involved in gall induction. The remains of cecidogenic fluid were collected from the surface of the oviposition point on the stem. We performed a comparative analysis of the phenolics extracted from cecidogen, the stem and galls of L. vulgaris and adult and larva of R. pilosa by HPLC-DAD. One compound with A (max) at 273, 332 nm (R (t) 30.65 min) was exclusively found in the methanol extract of cecidogen. To further characterize the cecidogen and stem phenolic profiles, we used UHPLC coupled with an OrbiTrap mass analyzer. Among 49 phenolic compounds extracted from both the ovipositional fluid and the plant, protocatechuic acid and two phenolic glycosides were exclusively found in c...ecidogen: diosmetin-O-acetylrutinoside and an unidentified compound. The unknown compound produced an MS2 base peak at 387 and 327 and 267 m/z base peaks at MS3 and MS4 fragmentation, respectively, and had the molecular formula C32H31O18. The plausible role of phenolic compounds in the induction of gall formation on L. vulgaris is discussed.
Keywords:Cecidogen / Gall / Linaria vulgaris / Rhinusa pilosa / Ovipositional fluid / Phenolics
Source:Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 2016, 10, 4, 311-322
- Springer, Dordrecht
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