Effect of electronegativity of donor atoms on RF values of tris(β-diketonato) complexes of cobalt(III), chromium(III) and ruthenium(III) by thin-layer chromatography on silica gel
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The effect of the electronegativity of donor atoms on RF values obtained by TLC on silica gel was investigated with two series of complexes of the type [M(acac)3-n(phacphac)n] and [M(acac)3-n(phacphSac)n], where M is Co(III), Cr(III) or Ru(III), acac=2,4-pentandionato ion, phacphac=1,3-diphenyl-1,3-propanedionato ion and phacphSac=3-mercapto-1,3-diphenyl-prop-2-en-1-on ion (n=0-3). Development was with nine single and six two-component solvent systems. The RF values of the complexes increase by replacing one oxygen atom of a β-diketonato ligand with a less electronegative sulphur atom. A positive linear dependence between the RM values of the complexes and the numbers of acac substituted by phacphSac ligands was established. The separation mechanisms and separation factors are discussed. © 1993 Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH.