FadD from Pseudomonas putida CA-3 Is a True Long-Chain Fatty Acyl Coenzyme A Synthetase That Activates Phenylalkanoic and Alkanoic Acids
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A fatty acyl coenzyme A synthetase (FadD) from Pseudomonas putida CA-3 is capable of activating a wide range of phenylalkanoic and alkanoic acids. It exhibits the highest rates of reaction and catalytic efficiency with long-chain aromatic and aliphatic substrates. FadD exhibits higher k(cat) and Km values for aromatic substrates than for the aliphatic equivalents (e. g., 15-phenylpentadecanoic acid versus pentadecanoic acid). FadD is inhibited noncompetitively by both acrylic acid and 2-bromooctanoic acid. The deletion of the fadD gene from P. putida CA-3 resulted in no detectable growth or polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) accumulation with 10-phenyldecanoic acid, decanoic acid, and longer-chain substrates. The results suggest that FadD is solely responsible for the activation of long-chain phenylalkanoic and alkanoic acids. While the CA-3 Delta fadD mutant could grow on medium-chain substrates, a decrease in growth yield and PHA accumulation was observed. The PHA accumulated by CA-3 Delta f...adD contained a greater proportion of short-chain monomers than did wild-type PHA. Growth of CA-3 Delta fadD was unaffected, but PHA accumulation decreased modestly with shorter-chain substrates. The complemented mutant regained 70% to 90% of the growth and PHA-accumulating ability of the wild-type strain depending on the substrate. The expression of an extra copy of fadD in P. putida CA-3 resulted in increased levels of PHA accumulation (up to 1.6-fold) and an increase in the incorporation of longer-monomer units into the PHA polymer.
Source:Journal of Bacteriology, 2009, 191, 24, 7554-7565
- Amer Soc Microbiology, Washington
- Free full text: https://jb.asm.org/content/jb/191/24/7554.full.pdf