Production of a chiral alcohol, 1-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) ethanol, by mushroom tyrosinase
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AuthorsBrooks, Sarah J.
Doyle, Evelyn M.
Guiry, Patrick J.
O'Connor, Kevin E.
Article (Published version)
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1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl) ethanol was produced biocatalytically for the first time using mushroom tyrosinase. 4-Ethylphenol at 1 mM was consumed over 12 min giving 0.23 mM 4-ethylcatechol and 0.36 mM (R/S)-1-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) ethanol (ee 0.5 %). Mushroom tyrosinase consumed 4-ethylphenol at 6.7 mu mol min(-1) mg protein(-1) while the rates of formation of 4-ethylcatechol and 1-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) ethanol were 1.1 and 1.9 mu mol min(-1) mg protein(-1). Addition of the ascorbic acid, as a reducing agent to biotransformation reactions, increased 4-ethylcatechol formation by 340 %. However, accumulation of 1-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) ethanol was not observed in the presence of ascorbic acid. While the 1-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) ethanol was racemic, it is the first chiral product produced by tyrosinase starting from a non-chiral substrate.
Keywords:Tyrosinase / Biotransformation / Oxidation / Chiral product
Source:Biotechnology Letters, 2013, 35, 5, 779-783
- Springer, Dordrecht