Influence of the Structure on the Antioxidant Activity of Tetradentate Schiff Bases and their Copper(II) Complexes: Possible Mechanisms
AuthorsAburas, Najat M.
Stevanović, Nikola R.
Milčić, Miloš K.
Tešić, Živoslav Lj.
Article (Published version)
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The influence of the structure on the antioxidant activity of a series of Schiff bases and their copper(II) complexes as well as possible mechanisms of antioxidant activity were investigated. Schiff bases are derived from the condensation of ethane-1,2-diamine or propane-1,2-diamine and pentane-2,4-dione and/or 1-phenylbutane-1,3-dione. The corresponding complexes were synthesized. The antioxidant activity in vitro, determined using reversed-phase thin layer chromatography assay (RP TLC) based on the reaction with 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, was expressed as Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC). The influence of the structure was observed on the basis of interpretable and informative descriptors calculated by hybrid density functional theory (DFT) methods. Structural features responsible for the antioxidant activity of the investigated compounds were discussed. Copper(II) complexes showed a significantly higher antioxidant activity than their corresponding ligands. Calcula...ted quantum-chemical descriptors gave an insight to the reaction mechanism of the scavenging/antioxidant activity of tetradentate Schiff bases and their copper(II) complexes and two different reaction mechanisms were proposed.
Keywords:antioxidant activity / antioxidant mechanism / Schiff base / copper(II) complexes / DFT
Source:Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 2013, 24, 8, 1322-
- Soc Brasileira Quimica, Sao Paulo