Scapania nemorea liverwort extracts: Investigation on volatile compounds, in vitro antimicrobial activity and control of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in fruit juice
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Tyagi, Arnit Kumar
Mann, Petar D.
Vujisić, Ljubodrag V.
Guerzoni, Maria Elisabetta
Article (Published version)
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This study was focused on chemical characterisation of liverwort Scapania nemorea extracts and their antimicrobial activity against pathogenic and food-spoiling yeasts and bacteria. The chemical composition of three different extracts of the liverwort S. nemorea was determined by solid phase microextraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME GC MS). The dominant compounds in extracts were sesquiterpenes beta-bazzanene (11%, 17.9% and 14.6%), isobazzanene (10.2%, 15.8% and 11.7%) and aromadendrene (8.8%, 12.9% and 10.6%) in the methanol, ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts, respectively. Antimicrobial potential of S. nemorea extracts against food spoiling yeasts and bacteria was determined in vitro by microdilution method. The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) varied from 0.5 to 3 mg/mL for bacteria, and from 0.2 to 1 mg/mL for yeasts. Moreover, the combined effects of dry methanol extract of S. nemorea and heat processing on the survival and growth of a spoilage yeast in an... apple/orange-based beverage, have been assessed through a Central Composite Design. Changes in color and flavor of the beverages were considered acceptable also after one week of storage at 25 degrees C. The results provide evidence of antimicrobial potential of S. nemorea extracts and suggest its potential as natural antimicrobial agent for food preservation. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Scapania nemorea / Antimicrobial activity / Volatile composition / Food spoiling microorganisms / Orange/apple juice
Source:LWT -food Science and Technology ( Lebensmittel - Wissenschaft und Technologie), 2014, 55, 2, 452-458
- Elsevier Science Bv, Amsterdam
- Micromorphological, phytochemical and molecular investigations of plants - systematic, ecological and applicative aspects (RS-173029)
- Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy