Leaching of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from power plant lignite ash-influence of parameters important for environmental pollution
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Nikola Tesla B power plant (TENT B), located at the Sava River, in Obrenovac, 50 km west from the Serbian's capital, Belgrade, is the second largest coal-fired power plant in the country, consisting of two blocks, each of 620 MW capacity. In order to investigate the threat polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from deposited coal ash, obtained by coal combustion in this power plant, can represent for the surrounding environment, samples of coal ash were submitted to extraction with river water used for transport of coal ash to the dump, as well as with water of different ionic strength and acidity. It was found that, out of 16 EPA priority PAHs, only naphthalene, acenaphthylene, fluorene, phenantrene, fluoranthene, and pyrene were found in measurable concentrations in the different extracts. Their combined concentration was around 0.1 mu g/L, so they do not, in terms of leached concentrations, represent serious danger for the surrounding environment. In all cases of established (and ...leached) PAH compounds, changes of ionic strength, acidity, or the presence of organic compounds in river water may to some extent influence the leached concentrations. However, under the examined conditions, similar to those present in the environment, leached concentrations were not more than 50 % greater than the concentrations leached by distilled water. Therefore, water desorption is likely the most important mechanism responsible for leaching of PAH compounds from filter coal ash.
Keywords:Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons / Leaching / Power plant / Ash / pH / Ionic strength / River water
Source:Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2014, 21, 5, 3435-3442
- Springer Heidelberg, Heidelberg