Structural changes and allergenic properties of beta-lactoglobulin upon exposure to high-intensity ultrasound
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Stojadinović, Marija M.
van Hage, Marianne
Sancho, Ana I.
Article (Published version)
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Scope The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of high-intensity ultrasound (sonication), on the structure and allergenicity of the major cow's milk allergen, beta-lactoglobulin (BLG). Methods and results Structural changes upon sonication of BLG were monitored by circular dichroism spectroscopy, tryptophan emission fluorescence, hydrophobic dye and retinol binding, as well as digestibility and phenol-oxidase cross-linking capacity. Allergenicity was monitored in individual patients sera, basophil activation test, and skin prick testing in 41 cow's milk allergy patients. Uncontrolled local temperature changes induced modifications in BLG secondary structure accompanied by formation of dimers, trimers, and oligomers of BLG that were more digestible by pepsin and had reduced retinol binding. Controlled temperature conditions induced changes in secondary structure of BLG without causing formation of oligomers, or changing protein's capacity to bind retinol. Both sonicated forms... of BLG had more exposed hydrophobic surfaces than native BLG and underwent facilitated cross-linking reaction with phenol-oxidase. Sonication had a minor effect on IgE-binding properties of BLG. Conclusion Sonication-induced structural changes in major whey allergen were not clinically significant in cow's milk allergy patients. Ultrasound can be a safe procedure for dairy processing as it maintains the nutritional value and does not increase allergenic potential of BLG.
Keywords:Beta-lactoglobulin / Cow's milk allergy / Food allergy / Food processing / Ultrasound
Source:Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, 2012, 56, 12, 1894-1905
- Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken
- Molecular properties and modifications of some respiratory and nutritional allergens (RS-172024)
- Reinforcement of the Faculty of Chemistry, University of Belgrade, towards becoming a Center of Excellence in the region of WB for Molecular Biotechnology and Food research (EU-256716)
- UK Biological and Biotechnological Sciences Research Council
- Swedish Research Council
- Stockholm County Council
- COST Actions [928, FA1005]