Effect of atypical antipsychotics on antioxidant enzyme activities in human erythrocytes (in vitro study)
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Spasic, Mihajlo B.
Blagojević, Duško P.
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Objective This study was set out to examine the impact of atypical antipsychotic drugs: aripiprazole, clozapine, ziprasidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, sertindole and amisulpride on the activity of antioxidant defence enzymes in human erythrocytes in vitro. Methods Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1), catalase (CAT), selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase activities were determined after drugs incubation with blood of 15 apparently healthy non-smoking male volunteers (ages 2339) for 1?h at 37?degrees C. Results A statistically significant increase in SOD1 activity was found in samples incubated with aripiprazole (p? lt ?0.01) and quetiapine (p? lt ?0.05) compared with incubated control. SOD1 activity profile following native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis indicates that aripiprazole and quetiapine protect enzyme activity from inhibition with hydrogen peroxide. Our results showed that sertindole decreases activity of CAT comparing with control non-treated er...ythrocytes. Moreover, in sertindole treated erythrocytes, negative correlation between SOD1 and glutathione peroxidase activities was found. Increased amount of hydrogen peroxide in such situation may leave erythrocytes and transform their role in circulation from anti-oxidative to pro-oxidative. Conclusions Our results indicate that mechanism through sertindole could express its in vivo toxic effects and point toward possible (neuro)protective effects of aripiprazole and quetiapine.
Keywords:atypical antipsychotics / oxidative stress / anti-oxidant defence enzymes
Source:Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, 2013, 28, 1, 1-6
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