Soybean hull peroxidase immobilization on macroporous glycidyl methacrylates with different surface characteristics
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Soybean hull peroxidase (SHP, E.C. 126.96.36.199) was immobilized by a glutaraldehyde and periodate method onto series of macroporous copolymers of glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA), poly(GMA-co-EGDMA) with various surface characteristics and pore size diameters ranging from 44 to 200 nm. Glutaraldehyde immobilization method and poly(GMA-co-EGDMA) named SGE 20/12 with pore sizes of 120 nm gave immobilized enzyme with highest specific activity of 25 U/g. Deactivation studies showed that immobilization increased stability of SHP and that surface characteristics of the used copolymer had a major influence on a stability of immobilized enzyme at high temperatures and in an organic solvent. The highest thermostability was obtained using the copolymer SGE 20/12 with pore size of 120 nm, while the highest stability in dioxane had SHP immobilized onto copolymer SGE 10/4 with pore size of 44 nm. Immobilized SHP showed a wider pH optimum as compared to the native ...enzyme especially at alkaline pH values and 3.2 times increased K (m) value for pyrogallol. After 6 cycles of repeated use in batch reactor, immobilized SHP retained 25 % of its original activity. Macroporous copolymers with different surface characteristics can be used for fine tuning of activity and stability of immobilized SHP to obtain a biocatalyst suitable for phenol oxidation or polymer synthesis in organic solvents.
Keywords:Periodate / Glutaraldehyde / Immobilized enzyme / Stability / Copolymer
Source:Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, 2014, 37, 5, 799-804
- Springer, New York