Cytotoxic effect of Reseda lutea L.: A case of forgotten remedy
AuthorsRadulović, Niko S.
Zlatkovic, Dragan B.
Article (Published version)
MetadataShow full item record
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Reseda lutea L (Resedaceae) or Wild Mignonette is a widely distributed plant species. Pliny the Elder (AD 23-AD 79), a Roman scholar and naturalist, reported the use of R. lutea for reducing tumors in his Historia naturalis. Accounts of the beneficial effects of R. lutea in tumor treatment could also be found in the works of later authors, such as Etienne Francois Geoffroy (1672-1731) and Samuel Frederick Gray (1766-1828). However, to date no in vivo or in vitro evidence exists in support of the alleged tumor healing properties of R. lutea. Materials and methods: The composition of autolysates obtained from different organs (root, flower and fruit) of R. lutea was investigated by GC and GC-MS analyses and IR, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. These analyses led to the discovery of a new compound isolated in pure form from the flower autolysate. Autolysates and their major constituents were submitted to MU-dye reduction cytotoxic assay on human A375 (melanoma) ...and MRC5 (fibroblast) cell lines. Mechanism of the cytotoxic effects was studied by cell cycle analysis and Annexin V assay. Results: Benzyl isothiocyanate and 2-(alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyloxy)benzyl isothiocyanate were identified as the major constituents of the root and flower autolysates, respectively (the later represents a new natural product). These compounds showed significant antiproliferative effects against both cell lines, which could also explain the observed high cytotoxic activity of the tested autolysates. Cell cycle analysis revealed apoptosis as the probable mechanism of cell death. Conclusions: Tumor healing properties attributed to R. lutea in the pre-modern texts were substantiated by the herein obtained results. Two isothiocyanates were found to be the major carriers of the observed activity. Although there was a relatively low differential effect of the plant metabolites on transformed and non-transformed cell lines, one can argue that the noted strong cytotoxicity provides first evidence that could explain the long forgotten use of this particular species. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Reseda lutea L. / Isothiocyanates / Structure elucidation / Cytotoxic effect / Apoptosis
Source:Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2014, 153, 1, 125-132
- Elsevier Ireland Ltd, Clare