Distribution and mobility of heavy elements in floodplain agricultural soils along the Ibar River (Southern Serbia and Northern Kosovo). Chemometric investigation of pollutant sources and ecological risk assessment
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Škrivanj, Sandra B.
Manojlović, Dragan D.
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This work investigates the influence of a high-magnitude flood event on heavy elements (HEs) pollution and mobility in the agricultural soils along Ibar River in Southern Serbia and Northern Kosovo. The study area was one of the most important Pb/Zn industrial regions in Europe. Soil samples (n = 50) collected before and after the floods in May 2014 were subjected to the sequential extraction procedure proposed by the Community Bureau of Reference (BCR). The results indicated that the floods significantly increased not only the pseudo total concentrations of HEs in the soil but also their mobile and potentially bioavailable amounts. Moreover, higher concentrations (both pseudo total and potentially bioavailable) were found in the agricultural soils closer to the industrial hotspots. Principal component analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis successfully grouped the analyzed elements according to their anthropogenic or natural origin. The floods significantly increased the potential... ecological risk of HEs associated with Pb/Zn industrial activities in the study area. The potential ecological risk of Cd after the floods was highest and should be of special concern.
Keywords:Heavy elements / Agricultural soil / Floods / Sequential extraction / Multivariate statistical analysis / Potential ecological risk
Source:Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2016, 23, 9, 9000-9011
- Springer Heidelberg, Heidelberg
- Industry production of lead and zinc, consequences for population and protection and regulation of ecosystems (RS-37016)
- Supplementary material: http://cherry.chem.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3446