Mass distributions and morphological and chemical characterization of urban aerosols in the continental Balkan area (Belgrade)
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AuthorsĐorđević, Dragana S.
Stortini, Angela Maria
Article (Published version)
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This work presents characteristics of atmospheric aerosols of urban central Balkans area, using a size-segregated aerosol sampling method, calculation of mass distributions, SEM/EDX characterization, and ICP/MS analysis. Three types of mass distributions were observed: distribution with a pronounced domination of coarse mode, bimodal distribution, and distribution with minimum at 1 mu m describing the urban aerosol. SEM/EDX analyses have shown morphological difference and variation in the content of elements in samples. EDX spectra demonstrate that particles generally contain the following elements: Al, Ca, K, Fe, Mg, Ni, K, Si, S. Additionally, the presence of As, Br, Sn, and Zn found in air masses from southeast segment points out the anthropogenic activities most probably from mining activities in southeastern part of Serbia. The ratio Al/Si equivalent to the ratio of desert dust was associated with air masses coming from southeastern and southwestern segments, pointing to influence...s from North Africa and Middle East desert areas whereas the Al/Si ratio in other samples is significantly lower. In several samples, we found high values of aluminum in the nucleation mode. Samples with low share of crustal elements in the coarse mode are collected when Mediterranean air masses prevailed, while high share in the coarse mode was associated with continental air masses that could be one of the approaches for identification of the aerosol origin.
Keywords:Continental urban aerosols / Size distributions / Morphologies
Source:Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2016, 23, 1, 851-859
- Springer Heidelberg, Heidelberg
- The study of physicochemical and biochemical processes in living environment that have impacts on pollution and the investigation of possibilities for minimizing the consequences (RS-172001)
- Studying climate change and its influence on environment: impacts, adaptation and mitigation (RS-43007)
- INTERREG/CARDS-PHARE Adriatic New Neighborhood Programme [06SER02/01/04]