Greener approaches to the measurement of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in unused and used crankcase motor oils from Malaysia
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Hamida, Haris Hafizal Abd
Jahromi, Fatemeh A.
Aris, Ahmad Zaharin
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The antifungal potential of the pygidial gland secretion of the troglophilic ground beetle Laemostenus punctatus from a cave in Southeastern Serbia against cavedwelling micromycetes, isolated from the same habitat, has been investigated. Eleven collected samples were analyzed and 32 isolates of cave-dwelling fungi were documented. A total of 14 fungal species were identified as members of the genera Aspergillus, Penicillium, Alternaria, Cladosporium, Rhizopus, Trichoderma, Arthrinium, Aureobasidium, Epicoccum, Talaromyces, and Fusarium. Five isolates were selected for testing the antifungal activity of the pygidial gland secretion: Talaromyces duclauxi, Aspergillus brunneouniseriatus, Penicillium sp., Rhizopus stolonifer, and Trichoderma viride. The microdilution method has been applied to detect minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimal fungicidal concentrations (MFCs). The most sensitive isolate was Penicillium sp., while the other isolates demonstrated a high ...level of resistance to the tested agent. L. punctatus has developed a special mechanism of producing specific compounds that act synergistically within the secretion mixture, which are responsible for the antifungal action against pathogens from the cave. The results open opportunities for further research in the field of ground beetle defense against pathogens, which could have an important application in human medicine, in addition to the environmental impact, primarily.
Keywords:Laemostenus punctatus / Troglophilic ground beetle / Pygidial gland secretion / Cave-dwelling micromycetes / Antifungal activity
Source:Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2018, 25, 8, 7206-7211
- Springer Heidelberg, Heidelberg
- JSPS KAKENHI 
- Research University Grant Scheme by University Putra Malaysia