Electrodeposition, Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Nickel-Cobalt-Copper Alloy Powders
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Powders of Ni-Co alloys containing small amounts of Cu were produced by electrodeposition from an ammonium bath. Cathodic polarization curves were recorded and partial current densities for alloy deposition and hydrogen evolution were determined. At a current density of 100 mA cm(-2), the electrodeposition process resulted in Ni79.1Co18.6Cu2.3 powder with an average grain size of 6.8 nm, composed of an amorphous matrix and FCC nanocrystals. The deposition of Cu with Ni and Co led to a higher proportion of the amorphous phase, smaller nanocrystals and smaller powder particles in the electrodeposit than in the alloy without copper. During annealing at temperatures ranging from 25 degrees C to 160 degrees C, no structural changes occurred in the powder. Upon structural relaxation in the temperature range of 160-350 degrees C, the powders cooled at 25 degrees C showed greater magnetic permeability. At temperatures between 350 degrees C and 430 degrees C, the amorphous phase exhibiting rela...tively lower magnetization underwent crystallization, accompanied by the formation of small-sized FCC nanocrystals, which had relatively higher magnetization values, leading to an increase in the magnetic permeability of the cooled powder. At temperatures above 430 degrees C, the formation of large crystalline grains at the expense of small ones caused a decrease in magnetization. (C) 2018 The Electrochemical Society.
Source:Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2018, 165, 11
- Electrochemical Soc Inc, Pennington