Study of pyrolysis of high density polyethylene in the open system and estimation of its capability for co-pyrolysis with lignite
Stevanović, Nikola R.
Stojanović, Ksenija A.
Article (Published version)
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Pyrolysis of high density polyethylene (HDPE) in the open system was studied. A plastic bag for food packing was used as a source of HDPE. Pyrolysis was performed at temperatures of 400, 450 and 500 degrees C, which were chosen based on thermogravimetric analysis. The HDPE pyrolysis yielded liquid, gaseous and solid products. Temperature rise resulted in the increase of conversion of HDPE into liquid and gaseous products. The main constituents of liquid pyrolysates are 1-n-alkenes, n-alkanes and terminal n-dienes. The composition of liquid products indicates that the performed pyrolysis of HDPE could not serve as a standalone operation for the production of gasoline or diesel, but preferably as a pre-treatment to yield a product to be blended into a refinery or petrochemical feed stream. The advantage of a liquid pyrolysate in comparison to crude oil is the extremely low content of aromatic hydrocarbons and the absence of polar compounds. The gaseous products have desirable composition... and consist mainly of methane and ethene. The solid residues do not produce ash by combustion and have high calorific values. Co-pyrolysis of HDPE with mineral-rich lignite indicated positive synergetic effect at 450 and 500 degrees C, which is reflected through the increased experimental yields of liquid and gaseous products in comparison to theoretical ones.
Keywords:high density polyethylene / open pyrolysis system / TGA-FTIR / GC-MS / lignite / synergetic effect
Source:Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 2018, 83, 7-8, 923-940
- Serbian Chemical Soc, Belgrade
- Geochemical investigations of sedimentary rocks - fossil fuels and environmental pollutants (RS-176006)
- Osterreichischer Austauschdienst (OeAD) [SRB 18/2016]
- Supplementary material: http://cherry.chem.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3306