Tween 80-solubilized Newcastle disease virus prepared as a water-in-oil-in-water vaccine
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The Newcastle disease virus (NDV) was solubilized with 10% w/v Tween 80 and inactivated with 0.05% v/v formalin. The average molecular mass of the released antigenic subunits was 307 kD. The rested vaccine was prepared in the form of a water-in-oil-in-water emulsion (WOWE) vaccine. The oil-to-aqueous ratio was 1:2. The solubilized NDV was administered alone or built in a tetravalent WOWE vaccine. A dose of the monovalent vaccine containing an equivalent of 44.7 mu l of detergent-treated NDV-allantoic fluid (NDV-AF) was sufficient for the complete protection of the commercially available chickens vaccinated at the age of 5 wk and challenged 7 wk later. The anti-NDV-free chickens, vaccinated at 4 wk of age and challenged 2 wk postvaccination, were 100% and 73% protected by a vaccinal dose containing 178.6 and 89.3 yl of detergent-treated NDV-AF, respectively. Commercially available light pullers, primary vaccinated with live lentogenic NDV vaccine, generated a protective level of NDV ant...ibodies after revaccination with WOWE vaccine containing 89.3 mu l of detergent treated NDV-AF. Laying hens were revaccinated under field conditions at the beginning of the laying cycle by the terravalent vaccine. A vaccinal dose/bird containing 11.2 mu l of detergent-treated NDV-AF elicited a long-lasting high level of NDV neutralizing antibodies.
Keywords:chicken / inactivated vaccine / laying hens / Newcastle disease virus / polyvalent vaccine / puller / split-off vaccine / water-in-oil-in-water vaccine
Source:Avian Diseases, 1996, 40, 1, 193-201
- Amer Assoc Avian Pathologists, Athens
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