Multi-Criteria Analysis of Synthesis Methods for Ni-Based Catalysts
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Catalysts based on the Ni/Al2O3 system are used in a variety of catalytic processes. Catalysts are commonly synthesized through thermochemical routes (impregnation, precipitation, coprecipitation and others). The authors prepared a Ni-Pd/Al2O3 catalyst supported by a ceramic foam, using a novel method, whereby the foam was impregnated with aerosol. This paper evaluates the synthesis methods for the experimentally obtained Ni-Pd/Al2O3 catalyst in comparison with other Ni-based catalysts, using three multi-criteria analysis methods (SAW, TOPSIS and PROMETHEE II). The synthesis methods for Ni-based catalysts were compared with respect to the following parameters: preparation method, addition of the precipitation agent during preparation, forming and mixing precursors, filtration, drying procedure, calcination, reduction, and the presence of NiAl2O4. The final results indicate that the synthesis method for the Ni-Pd/Al2O3 catalyst is the best ranked in comparison with the others.
Keywords:catalysts / multi-criteria analysis / Ni-Pd/Al2O3 / ceramic foam / aerosol method
Source:Materials and Technology = Materiali in Tehnologije, 2016, 50, 4, 553-558
- Inst Za Kovinske Materiale I In Tehnologie, Ljubjana