Applying multi-criteria analysis for preliminary assessment of the properties of alginate immobilized Myriophyllum spicatum in lake water samples
AuthorsMilojković, Jelena V.
Kostić, Aleksandar Ž.
Milošević, Vladan D.
Stojanović, Mirjana D.
Article (Accepted Version)
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The preliminary assessment of the properties of alginate immobilized aquatic weed Myriophyllum spicatum beads-MsAlg in a multi-element system of nine Serbian lakes water samples was done. Herein, the results obtained in the biosorption experiment with MsAlg contents of twenty-two elements analysed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry, biosorption capacity, element removal efficiency, total hardness (TH) and quality index of water (WQI) are presented. Scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy was used for the characterization of M. spicatum and its beads. The study showed that aluminium, magnesium and strontium were adsorbed by MsAlg in the water samples from all examined lakes; barium and iron in the water samples from six lakes. The overall average efficiency of MsAlg in biosorption of elements was in the following order: Al gt Ba gt Sr gt Fe gt Mg (58.6, 51.7, 48.2, 23.9 and 17.7%, respectively). The increase of TH and WQI v...alues after the biosorption was noticed in all studied lake water samples. The most significant correlations for pH were regarding the contents of B, Mg and Ca, whereas WQI was highly correlated to the contents of B and Mg, and pH. The complexity of the obtained data was explained by Cluster Analysis and Principal Component Analysis, which showed good discrimination capabilities between the water samples taken from different locations. Considering that the invasive M. spicatum is natural, widespread and that its immobilization is cheap and eco-friendly, presented findings could be helpful in further assessment of MsAlg beads for its potential use as biofilter. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Lake water samples / Immobilized aquatic weed / Biosorption / Water quality / Multi-criteria analysis
Source:Water Research, 2018, 141, 163-171
- Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, Oxford
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- This is peer-reviewed version of the following article: Milojković, J. V.; Popović-Djordjević, J. B.; Pezo, L. L.; Brčeski, I. D.; Kostić, A. Ž.; Milošević, V. D.; Stojanović, M. D. Applying Multi-Criteria Analysis for Preliminary Assessment of the Properties of Alginate Immobilized Myriophyllum Spicatum in Lake Water Samples. Water research 2018, 141, 163–171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2018.05.014
- Supplementary material: http://cherry.chem.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3030