Synthesis of novel 2-(piperazino-1-yl-alkyl)-1H-benzimidazole derivates and assessment of their interactions with the D2 dopamine receptor
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A total of 14 novel arylpiperazines were synthesized, and pharmaco-logically evaluated by measuring their affinities towards the D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2) in a [3H]spiperone competition assay. All the herein described compounds consist of a benzimidazole moiety connected to N-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazine via linkers of various lengths. Molecular docking analysis and molecular dynamics simulations were performed on the DRD2–arylpiperazine complexes with the objective of exploring the receptor–ligand interactions and properties of the receptor binding site. The recently published crystal structure of DRD2 was used throughout this study. The major finding is that high affinity arylpiperazines must interact with both the orthosteric binding site and the extended binding pocket of DRD2 and therefore should contain a linker of 5 or 6 methylene groups long.
Keywords:Arylpiperazines / Molecular docking / Molecular dynamics / Receptor binding site
Source:Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 2019, 84, 9, 925-934
- Beograd : Srpsko hemijsko društvo