Lipophilicity determination of antifungal isoxazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-3(1h)-ones and their n1-substituted derivatives with chromatographic and computational methods
Greber, Katarzyna Ewa
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The lipophilicity of a molecule is a well-recognized as a crucial physicochemical factor that conditions the biological activity of a drug candidate. This study was aimed to evaluate the lipophilicity of isoxazolo[3,4-b]pyridine-3(1H)-ones and their N1-substituted derivatives, which demonstrated pronounced antifungal activities. Several methods, including reversed-phase thin layer chromatography (RP-TLC), reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), and micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC), were employed. Furthermore, the calculated logP values were estimated using various freely and commercially available software packages and online platforms, as well as density functional theory computations (DFT). Similarities and dissimilarities between the determined lipophilicity indices were assessed using several chemometric approaches. Principal component analysis (PCA) indicated that other features beside lipophilicity affect antifungal activities of the investig...ated derivatives. Quantitative-structure-retention-relationship (QSRR) analysis by means of genetic algorithm - partial least squares (GA-PLS) - was implemented to rationalize the link between the physicochemical descriptors and lipophilicity. Among the studied compounds, structure 16 should be considered as the best starting structure for further studies, since it demonstrated the lowest lipophilic character within the series while retaining biological activity. Sum of ranking differences (SRD) analysis indicated that the chromatographic approach, regardless of the technique employed, should be considered as the best approach for lipophilicity assessment of isoxazolones.
Keywords:Lipophilicity / Isoxazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-3(1H)-one / Isoxazolone / QSRR analysis / Reversed-phase liquid chromatography / Sum of ranking differences
Source:Molecules, 2019, 24, 23, 1-22
- Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education Grant for Young Investigators (research grant number 01-0471/08/518).