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The chemical characterization of peach kernels (Prunus persica L.)

dc.contributor.advisorMilojković-Opsenica, Dušanka
dc.contributor.otherTrifković, Jelena
dc.contributor.otherFotirić-Akšić, Milica M.
dc.contributor.otherStojanović, Mirjana
dc.creatorKoprivica, Marija
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-22T12:10:41Z
dc.date.available2021-04-22T12:10:41Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttp://eteze.bg.ac.rs/application/showtheses?thesesId=7663
dc.identifier.urihttps://fedorabg.bg.ac.rs/fedora/get/o:22832/bdef:Content/download
dc.identifier.urihttp://vbs.rs/scripts/cobiss?command=DISPLAY&base=70036&RID=23747081
dc.identifier.urihttps://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/handle/123456789/17607
dc.identifier.urihttp://cherry.chem.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/4374
dc.description.abstractIstraţivanjima u okviru ove doktorske disertacije na osnovu sadrţaja pojedinihfitohemikalija izvršena je hemijska karakterizacija semena 25 sorti/genotipova breskverazliĉitog genetiĉkog i geografskog porekla gajenih pod istim klimatskim uslovima nateritoriji Srbije u okviru kolekcije oglednog dobra „Radmilovac‖ Poljoprivrednog fakultetaUniverziteta u Beogradu.U cilju utvrĊivanja sliĉnosti i razlika izmeĊu pojedinih genotipova breskve, kao iodreĊivanja potencijalnih biomarkera njihovog genetiĉkog i geografskog porekla, istraţivanjasu obuhvatila analizu varijabilnosti standradnih sorti (poreklom iz SAD i Italije),perspektivnih hibrida (nastalih ukrštanjem standardnih sorti) i nekoliko genotipovavinogradarske breskve kao autohtone sorte iz Srbije. Osim podele po poreklu, ispitivanigenotipovi breskve razlikovali su se i po vremenu sazrevanja ploda.Gasna hromatografija sa plameno-jonizacionim detektorom (Gas Chromatographywith Flame Ionization Detector, GC-FID) korišćena je za odreĊivanje sastava masnih kiselinau uzorcima semena breskve. Bez obzira na razliĉitost izmeĊu genotipova, ulje semenabreskve ima sliĉan sastav masnih kiselina koji se najvećim delom sastoji od nezasićenihmasnih kiselina, oleinske i linolne kiseline. Razlika izmeĊu sorti/genotipova breskve seogleda samo u razlici u procentualnim koncentracijama najzastupljenijih masnih kiselina.Ulje semena breskve ima nizak ukupni sadrţaj zasićenih masnih kiselina, manji od 15%, i touglavnom sadrţi palmitinsku i stearinsku kiselinu. Fenolni profil semena breskve odreĊen jeultra-visokoefikasnom teĉnom hromatografijom spregnutom sa hibridnim masenimspektrometrom (Ultra High-Perfomance Liquid Chromatography coupled with a hybrid massspectrometer - Linear Trap Quadrupole and OrbiTrap mass analyzer, UHPLC-LTQOrbiTrap MS/MS). U uzorcima semena breskve detektovane su razliĉite klase fenolnihjedinjenja i nekoliko organskih kiselina sa manjim brojem C-atoma. Od fenolnih jedinjenjasemena breskve u najvećoj koliĉini sadrţe katehin i šest fenolnih kiselina: protokatehuinsku,p-hidroksibenzoevu, p-hidroksifenilsirćetnu, hlorogenu, p-kumarinsku i ferulinsku kiselinu.Kvantifikacija saharida izvršena je upotrebom visoko-efikasne anjonske hromatografije saelektrohemijskom detekcijom (High-Performance Anion Exchange Chromatography withPulsed Amperometric Detection, HPAEC-PAD...sr
dc.description.abstractThe investigations in scope of this doctoral dissertation were based on the content of aseveral phytochemicals and it comprised chemical characterization of kernels of 25 peachcultivars/genotypes differing in genetic and geographical origin cultivated under the sameclimatic conditions in the territory of Serbia within a collection of the „Radmilovac‖Experimental Station of the University of Belgrade - Faculty of Agriculture.In order to determine the similarities and differences between the individualcultivars/genotypes of the peach, as well as to identify potential biomarkers of their geneticand geographical origin, the research included an analysis of the variability of standardcultivars (originating in the USA and Italy), promising hybrids (created by standard cultivarscross-breeding) and several vineyard peach genotypes as autochthonous cultivars fromSerbia. Except from this division, the examined genotypes of the peach differed according tothe ripening time.Gas chromatography with flame ionization detector (GC-FID) was used to determinethe composition of fatty acids in samples of the peach kernels. Regardless of the differencebetween genotypes, the peach kernel oil has the similar fatty acid composition, which themost consists of unsaturated fatty acids, oleic and linoleic acids. Variation betweenvarieties/genotypes of peach is only seen in the difference in the percentage concentrations ofthe most abundant fatty acids. The kernel oil has a low total saturated fatty acid content lessthan 15%, which is mainly composed of palmitic and stearic acids. The phenolic profile ofpeach kernels was determined by ultra-high-perfomance liquid chromatography coupled witha hybrid mass spectrometer (UHPLC-LTQ OrbiTrap MS/MS). In samples of peach kernels,different classes of phenolic substances and several organic acids with small number of Catoms were detected. Among phenolic compounds, the most abundant in peach seeds werecatechin and six phenolic acids: protocatechuic, p-hydroxybenzoic, p-hydroxyphenylacetic,chlorogenic, p-coumaric and ferulic acids. The quantification of saccharides was perfomedusing high-performance anion exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection(HPAEC-PAD)...en
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languagesr
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Београду, Хемијски факултетsr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Technological Development (TD or TR)/31003/RS//
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Technological Development (TD or TR)/34013/RS//
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Београдуsr
dc.subjectseme breskvesr
dc.subjectpeach kernelen
dc.subjectfatty acidsen
dc.subjectphenolsen
dc.subjectsugarsen
dc.subjectGC-FIDen
dc.subjectLC-MSen
dc.subjectHPAEC-PADen
dc.subjectmultivariate analysisen
dc.subjectoriginen
dc.subjectripening time of fruiten
dc.subjectmasne kiselinesr
dc.subjectfenolisr
dc.subjectšećerisr
dc.subjectGC-FIDsr
dc.subjectLC-MSsr
dc.subjectHPAEC-PADsr
dc.subjectmultivarijantna analizasr
dc.subjectporeklosr
dc.subjectvreme zrenja plodasr
dc.titleHemijska karakterizacija semena breskve (Prunus persica L.)sr
dc.title.alternativeThe chemical characterization of peach kernels (Prunus persica L.)en
dc.typedoctoralThesisen
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC-ND
dcterms.abstractМилојковић-Опсеница, Душанка; Фотирић-Aкшић, Милица; Трифковић, Јелена; Стојановић, Мирјана; Копривица, Марија; Хемијска карактеризација семена брескве (Прунус персица Л.); Хемијска карактеризација семена брескве (Прунус персица Л.);
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://cherry.chem.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/26740/Hemijska_karakterizacija_semena_dis_2020.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://cherry.chem.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/26741/Hemijska_karakterizacija_semena_izv_2020.pdf


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