Configurational isomerization of push-pull thiazoliclinone derivatives controlled by intermolecular and-intramolecular RAHB: H-1 NMR dynamic investigation of concentration and temperature effects
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H-1 NMR spectroscopy was used to investigate hydrogen bonding in the structurally related (Z)- and (E)-5-substituted-2-alkylidene-4-oxothiazolidines in polar and apolar solvents. The equilibrated mixtures of these typical push-pull alkenes consist of the intramolecularly H-bonded E-isomer and intermolecularly H-bonded Z-isomer in varying proportions which depend on the solvent polarity. For a representative of the series, (E)-(5-ethoxycarbonylmethyl-4-oxothiazolidin-2-ylidene)-1-phenylethanone (1), the lack of a concentration and temperature dependence of the large chemical NH shift (delta 12.06ppm) in CDCl3 indicates strong intramolecular resonance-assisted hydrogen-bond formation (RAHB). The upfield chemical shifts of the NH proton of the (Z)-1 isomer as a function of temperature increase and the large 1H NMR Deltadelta/DeltaT value (-11.82ppbdegreesC(-1), Z/E=60:40, or -10.33ppbdegreesC(-1), Z/E = 20: 80) in CDCl3 are explained in terms of a decrease in intermolecular H-bonding resu...lting in a greater amount of free or unassociated Z-isomer. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.
Keywords:push-pull alkenes / Z/E isomerization / hydrogen bonding / temperature effect / H-1 NMR spectroscopy
Source:Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry, 2004, 17, 2, 118-123
- John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester