Advancement of the Process for Extraction, Chromatography and Characterization of Fullerenes
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In the first phase of this work, the basic C60 and C70 as well as the higher fullerenes, mainly C76 and C84, were Soxhlet extracted with p-xylene and n-heptane from the samples of carbon soot, produced in electrical arc, yielding 5.9% and 0.7% of the extract, respectively. The remaining, p-xylene insoluble soot was then extracted with pyridine, by original advanced method, increasing the entire extract yield for an additional 5.9% to 11.8%. The procedures for increases of the basic and higher fullerenes yields, as well as for additional, selective extraction of the higher fullerenes were found. Chromatographic separation of the basic and the higher C76 and C84 fullerenes from p-xylene extract was performed by continual elution, in one phase of the process, under atmospheric pressure, with original, defined, gradient of solvents from 5% toluene in hexane to pure 100% toluene, on active Al2O3 column, by a new, improved method. Identifications of the basic and the higher fullerenes in chr...omatographically purified fractions, as well as in the obtained extracts, were performed using determined techniques of IR and UV/VIS spectroscopy that have not been presented previously for the higher fullerenes.
Keywords:Carbon soot / Basic and higher fullerenes / Soxhlet extractions / Chromatography / IR / UV / VIS
Source:Fullerenes Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures, 2009, 17, 2, 135-150
- Taylor & Francis Inc, Philadelphia
- MPNTR 6349