Interaction of arylpiperazines with the dopamine receptor D-2 binding site
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The docking of several 1-benzyl-4-arylpiperazines to the dopamine receptor (DAR) D-2 was examined. The results demonstrated that the interaction of protonated NI of the piperazine ring with Asp 86 (III.32) and edge-to-face interactions of the aromatic ring of the arylpiperazine part of the ligand with Phe 178 (VI.44), Trp 182 (VI.48) and Tyr 216 (VII.58) of the receptor, represent the major stabilizing forces. Besides, the hydrogen bond acceptor group in position 2 of the phenylpiperazine aromatic ring could build one more hydrogen bond with Trp 182 (VI.48). Bulky substituents; in position 4 were not tolerated due to the unfavorable sterical interaction with Phe 178 (VI.44). Substituents in position 2 and 3 were found to be sterically well tolerated. Introduction of electron attractive -NO2 group in position 3 of arylpiperazines decreased, while electron donors (-OMe) and the second aromatic ring (naphthyl) increased the binding affinity comparing to that of the phenylpiperazine 1. Thi...s can be explained in terms of favoured edge-to-face interactions in ligands with a high negative electrostatic surface potential (ESP) in the centre of aromatic residue of arylpiperazines. Thus, besides the salt bridges and hydrogen bonds, edge-to-face interactions significantly contribute to arylpiperazine ligands to form complexes with the DAR D-2. Phe 178 (VI.44), Trp 182 (VI.48) and Tyr 216 (VII.58) can be considered as a part of the ancillary DAR D-2 pocket preserved in most G protein-coupled receptors of the A class and obviously, the arylpiperazine structural motif represents one of the privileged structures that bind to this pocket.
Keywords:arylpiperazines, binding pocket, D-2 receptor, interaction / modelling / dopamine D-2 agonists
Source:Arzneimittel-forschung = Drug Research, 2005, 55, 3, 145-152
- Ecv-Editio Cantor Verlag Medizin Naturwissenschaften, Aulendorf