Activity and stability of soluble and immobilized alpha-glucosidase from baker's yeast in cosolvent systems
Jankov, Ratko M.
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The activity of alpha-glucosidase from baker's yeast was determined in various concentrations of dioxan, tetrahydrofuran, tert-butanol, dimethylformamide, methanol and dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). Higher activities were observed with sucrose than with nitrophenylglucoside as substrate in cosolvent mixtures. In 30% (v/v) DMSO, 25% of the activity obtained in pure water was detected, and in 30% (v/v) methanol 12.5% of the activity in pure water was detected, while in other cosolvents there was almost no activity under these conditions. alpha-glucosidase was immobilized onto a macroporous copolymer of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate and glycidyl methacrylate, poly(GMA-co-EGDMA), by the glutaraldehyde method. By immobilization, the half-life of the enzyme in 35% (v/v) methanol was increased from 6 to 60min and from 4 to 15min in 45% (v/v) DMSO. The activity of the immobilized enzyme in 30% (v/v) DMSO and 30% (v/v) methanol was 22% and 18% of the activity in pure water, respectively.
Keywords:glycidylmethacrylate / glutaraldehyde / macroporous / maltase / transglucosylation
Source:Biocatalysis and Biotransformation, 2006, 24, 3, 195-200
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