Efflux of cholesterol and phospholipids derived from the haemoglobin-lipid adduct in human red blood cells into plasma
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Objective: The interior of red blood cells (RBCs) contains a variable amount of cholesterol and phospholipids bound to haemoglobin (Hb). This current study was devised to determine if this pool of lipids (termed Hb-Ch) was available for exchange with plasma lipoproteins. Design and methods: We studied the in vitro efflux of lipids from human RBCs into fasting plasma in men with either low (control group) or high Hb-Ch (study group). Results: When plasma was incubated with a two-fold excess of autologous RBCs the plasma cholesterol level increased due to a decrease in the level of cholesterol from the RBC membrane (in the control group) and due to a decrease in the level of cholesterol both from the RBC membrane and the Hb-Ch fraction (in the study group). The loss of Hb-Ch-derived phospholipids during lipid efflux was roughly equal to that of Hb-Ch-derived cholesterol. The loss of RBC cholesterol into plasma high-density lipoproteins (HDL) was more pronounced in our study group and cor...related with the loss of cholesterol from Hb-Ch. Conclusion: The Hb-Ch adduct significantly contributes to the lipid efflux from RBCs into plasma. The majority of cholesterol released from Hb-Ch appears in the plasma HDL fraction suggesting that Hb-Ch may play a role in reverse cholesterol transport in vivo. (c) 2006 Published by The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords:cholesterol / phospholipids / haemoglobin / red blood cells / HDL cholesterol / lipoproteins
Source:Clinical Biochemistry, 2007, 40, 5-6, 305-309
- Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, Oxford