A modification of the kinetic determination of pancuronium bromide based on its inhibitory effect on cholinesterase
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A modification of the existing spectrophotometric kinetic method for the determination of pancuronium bromide (PCBr), based on pooled human serum cholinesterase (ChE, EC 126.96.36.199 acylcholine acylhydrolase) inhibition, was developed. Butyrylthiocholine iodide (concentration 1.667 mmol/L) was used as substrate and determination was performed at pH 7.6. Essential basic kinetic parameters were also determined: Michaelis-Menten's constant K-M=0.33 mmol/L, maximal reaction rate V-max=42.29 mu mol/ L min, inhibition constant K-I = 0.34 mu mol/L, and IC50=0.235 mu mol/L. Linear dependence between the reaction rate and the inhibitor concentration exists in PCBr concentration range 8.29-265.28 nmol/L, which corresponds to the real sample concentrations from 0.166 to 5.306 mu mol/L. The method detection limit was established to be 1.86 nmol/L and the quantification limit was 6.18 nmol/L. Precision of the method was tested for three pancuronium concentrations (16.58, 99.48, and 198.96 nmol/L). The ...relative standard deviation (RSD) was in the range 0.78-5.13%. Accuracy was examined by the standard addition method. The influence of substances usually present in serum and urine on the reaction rate was determined. The method developed was applied for PCBr determination in spiked serum and urine samples and in the urine taken during surgery. The method was proven to have good sensitivity, accuracy, and precision and can be considered suitable for clinical practice.
Keywords:cholinesterase inhibition / pancuronium bromide / buthyrylthiocholine / kinetic determination
Source:Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis, 2007, 21, 2, 124-131
- Wiley-Liss, Hoboken