Synthesis, structural and spectroscopic characterization, in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo activity as free radical scavengers of chlorido(p-cymene) complexes of ruthenium(II) containing N-alkylphenothiazines
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Sovilj, Sofija P.
Evans, Ivana Radosavljevic
Santibanez, Juan Francisco
Article (Published version)
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Three new ruthenium(II) complexes 1-3 containing N-alkylphenothiazine molecules were synthesized by reaction of [RuCl2(eta(6)-P-cymene)](2) with chlorpromazine hydrochloride (1), trifluoperazine dihydrochloride (2) or thioridazine hydrochloride (3). The compounds of the general formula L[RuCl3(eta(6)-p-cymene)] were characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic methods (FT-IR, UV-Vis, H-1 and C-13 NMR). Complex 2 was structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. In vitro cytotoxic activity of complexes 1-3 were assayed in four human carcinoma cell lines MCF-7, MDA-MB-453 (breast carcinoma), SW-480 (colon carcinoma) and IM9 (myeloma multiple cells). The highest cytotoxicity (12.1 lt = IC50 lt = 17.3 mu M) and induced a total (SW-480) or almost total cell death (MCF-7. MDA-MB-453) at 25 mu M in 48 h of treatment were observed for complex 2. The influence of three different doses (0.4, 4.5 and 90.4 mu M/kg bw) of complex 2 on activities of antioxidants enzymes ...(superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT)) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were investigated under physiological conditions. The effects on nitrite production (NO2-) and level of erythrocytes malondialdehyde (MDA) in rats blood were evaluated, too. (C) 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Ruthenium complexes / p-Cymene / N-Alkylphenothiazines / Single crystal X-ray diffraction / Cytotoxicity / Antioxidant enzymes
Source:European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2011, 46, 9, 4168-4177
- Elsevier France-Editions Scientifiques Medicales Elsevier, Paris